C. Robert Cloninger
Professor i Psykiatri, Psykologi och genetik
C. Robert Cloninger is Wallace Renard Professor of Psychiatry, Professor of Psychology and Genetics, and Director of the Sansone Family Center for Well-Being at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis (http://psychobiology.wustl.edu). He is also Scientific Director of the Anthropedia Institute, a non-profit organization dedicated to development of human wellbeing through initiatives in health care and education (http://anthropedia.org). He is widely cited and honored for his innovative biopsychosocial research that spans the genetics, neurobiology, development, psychology, brain imaging, and assessment of personality and psychopathology. He developed analytical methods for characterizing the inheritance of complex multifactorial phenotypes [1-3]. He identified subtypes of psychiatric disorders with distinct genetic and clinical features, including replicated subtypes of schizophrenia , alcoholism [4, 5], and personality disorders . His personality inventories, particularly the Temperament and Character Inventory, have been used in more than 6000 peer-reviewed publications around the world. In addition to work on disease states, he has described the human brain functions and related personality variables underlying the development of health and well-being, providing a ternary model of well-being that integrates contributions from neurobiology, psychosocial sciences, and spirituality [7, 8].
He received his B.A. with High Honors and Special Honors in Philosophy, Psychology, and Anthropology from the University of Texas at Austin, 1966. He received his M.D. from Washington University in 1970, and Honorary Doctorates from the University of Umea in 1983 (M.D. in Genetics) and University of Gothenburg in 2012 (PhD. in Psychology).
Dr. Cloninger has published nine books and about 500 articles in psychiatry, psychology, and genetics. His books include Feeling Good: The Science of Well-being Oxford University Press, Origins of Altruism and Cooperation by Springer, and Personality and Psychopathology by American Psychiatric Press. Among his many awards, Dr. Cloninger has received the American Psychiatric Association’s Adolf Meyer Award (1993) and Judd Marmor Award (2009), and lifetime achievement awards from the American Society of Addiction Medicine (2000), the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics (2003), and Washington University (2015). He received the Oskar Pfister Award in 2014 from the American Association of Professional Chaplains and the American Psychiatric Association for his contributions to dialogue between psychiatry, religion, and spirituality. He is a fellow of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science, and a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences in the USA.
 Cloninger CR, Rice J, Reich T. Multifactorial inheritance with cultural transmission and assortative mating. II. A general model of combined
polygenic and cultural inheritance. Am J Hum Genet 1979; 31(2): 176-98.
 Cloninger CR, Reich T, Yokoyama S. Genetic diversity, genome organization, and investigation of the etiology of psychiatric diseases. Psychiatr Dev
1983; 1(3): 225-46.
 Arnedo J, Svrakic DM, Del VC, et al. Uncovering the hidden risk architecture of the schizophrenias: confirmation in three independent genome-wide
association studies. Am J Psychiatry 2015; 172(2): 139-53.
 Cloninger, CR, Bohman M, Sigvardsson S. Inheritance of alcohol abuse. Cross-fostering analysis of adopted men. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1981; 38(8):
 Cloninger, CR. Neurogenetic adaptive mechanisms in alcoholism. Science 1987; 236(4800): 410-6.
 Cloninger, CR. A systematic method for clinical description and classification of personality variants. A proposal. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1987; 44(6):
 Cloninger, CR. The evolution of human brain functions: The functional structure of human consciousness. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2009; 43(11): 994-
 Cloninger, CR, Feeling Good: The Science of Well-Being. 2004; New York: Oxford University Press. 374.